The most common cause of arch pain is Plantar Fasciitis. Plantar Fasciitis is Latin for inflammation of the Plantar Fascia - the fibrous band of tissue that connects the heel bone to the toes.
Someone with arch pain usually has inflammation of the tissues within the midfoot. The arch of the foot is formed by the Plantar Fascia, which tighten and relax during the different phases of gait.
The Plantar Fascia play an important role in proper foot mechanics and transfer of weight from the heel to the toes. When inflamed, even simple movements can be quite painful.
Plantar Fasciitis is caused by over-stretching of the Plantar Fascia. Repeated strain can cause tiny tears in the ligament. These can lead to inflammation, irritation, pain and swelling. Arch pain is more likely to happen when:
- your feet roll inward too much (over-pronation)
- you walk, stand, or run for long periods of time, especially on hard surfaces
- you are overweight or pregnant
- you have tight Achilles tendons and/or calf muscles